Top 12 Famous Paintings by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was born in Spain in 1881, but the artist spent most of his adult life making art in France.

Recognized as one of the most influential and famous artists of the twentieth century, Picasso produced more than 20,000 paintings, drawings, sculptures, ceramics, and other objects during his lifetime.

An innovator among artists, Picasso co-founded the entire Cubist movement with Georges Braque, so much so that it inspired offshoots of styles such as Futurism, Dada, and Constructivism in other countries. This is also one of his important contributions.

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As an avant-garde art movement, subjects and objects in Cubism were broken down into pieces and rearranged in abstract forms. It forever changed the face of European painting and sculpture, while influencing fields such as contemporary architecture, music, and literature.

Picasso is also credited with inventing man-made sculptures and co-inventing the collage style. He is also considered one of the three artists of the twentieth century that defined the elements of plastic art.

1, The Dream

The Dream by Pablo Picasso

The Dream

The Dream (Le Rêve) is an oil painting by Pablo Picasso in 1932. The size of the entire painting is 130 × 97 cm.

It is said to have been completed on the afternoon of January 24, 1932. The 50-year-old artist at the time depicted his 24-year-old mistress, Marie-Theresa Walter.

One of the focal points of this work is that it belongs to the artist’s period of distorted depiction, with its over-simplified silhouettes and contrasting colors resembling earlier Fauvism.

Another focal point of this painting that has been mentioned by later generations is its erotic side. Critics have pointed out that Picasso painted an erect penis on the model’s upturned face, possibly symbolizing his own.

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The famous painting was bought by collector Stephen Cohen from casino tycoon Steve Wayne for $155 million, not only setting a new record for a Picasso work but also the highest price an American collector paid for a work of art.

2, The Weeping Woman

The Weeping Woman by Pablo Picasso

The Weeping Woman

It is a depiction of the social impact of the Spanish Civil War through the weeping face of a woman and is also considered a continuation of the theme of the tragedy depicted in Picasso’s epic painting Guernica.

In May 1937, Picasso’s mother wrote to him from Barcelona that the smoke from the burning city during the battle had made her eyes wet. The Mater Dolorosa, the weeping Virgin, was painted by a Spanish artist.

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It’s a single, universal image of suffering that Picasso insists we imagine entering into the woman’s tormented face, into her dark eyes, witnessing the brutality of war.

3, Les Demoiselles D’Avignon

Les Demoiselles D’Avignon by Pablo Picasso

Les Demoiselles D’Avignon

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, painted by Picasso in 1907, is the most famous example of Cubist painting.

This huge oil painting depicts five naked female prostitutes in a brothel near the streets of Barcelona. It took nine months to complete, and it showcases the true genius and novelty of Picasso’s passion.

The one on the left shows a garment of Egyptian origin and distinct facial features. The two on the right are African mask styles and the two on the left are Picasso’s Iberian style. It also showcases the influence of African art on Picasso.

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In this painting, the artist discards all known traditional art forms and representations. His innovative use of the twisted and geometric forms of the female body challenged expectations that painting would provide idealized representations of female beauty.

Its resemblance to The Large Bathers of Paul Cezanne, Statue Oviri of Gauguin and Opening of the Fifth Seal of El Greco has been broadly talked about by later critics.

4, Bathers

Bathers by Pablo Picasso


Painted by Pablo Picasso in Biarritz in 1918, this painting is the first of the Bathers series.

The artist spent the entire summer of 1918 on the beaches, first in Biarritz and then on the Cote d’Azur or Dinard. These journeys inspired him to create.

This painting occupies a unique place in Picasso’s work. Delicate realism, simple and direct handling, the beauty displayed by the flexible body, these attributes were used by Picasso to depict the life content of free women.

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Bathers Poster

The work sheds light on the healthy, active life of vacationers on a sunny beach, with rocks of all shapes, still oceans, and joy within reach, a surreal vibe that pops off the paper.

5, Boy With A Pipe

Boy With A Pipe by Pablo Picasso

Boy With A Pipe

“Boy with a Pipe” is an oil painting by Pablo Picasso from 1905, when the artist was 24 years old, in his rose period, and had just settled in the Montmartre district of Paris.

The painting depicts a seated Parisian teenager in blue overalls with a wreath of roses on his head and a pipe in his left hand, surrounded by two bouquets of flowers.

“Boy with a Pipe” is hailed by critics as a beautiful work with the mystery like Leonardo da Vinci‘s “Mona Lisa” and melancholy like Van Gogh‘s “Doctor Gachet”.

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Boy With A Pipe Photo Frame

With Picasso’s rise to fame, the painting changed hands several times in Paris, and was finally collected by the German Jewish wealthy Mr. Georg at a Sotheby’s auction in London for $104.16 million. This price created the history of world-famous painting auctions. the highest record.

David Norman, senior vice president of Sotheby’s Auctions, spoke highly of the painting, saying it was rare in terms of importance and integrity, and arguably the best work currently in private collections.

Norman said: “The work has a poetic mood, and it is so captivating that everyone is deeply attracted by it.”

6, Figures At The Seaside

Figures At The Seaside by Pablo Picasso

Figures At The Seaside

The work is one of a series of beach scene paintings that Picasso created while vacationing on the French Riviera in the summer of 1931.

Figure At The Seaside, a surreal grotesque depiction of two praying mantises sitting together, is said to have been inspired by the painter’s association with a 19-year-old model and his deteriorating relationship with his then-wife Olga.

The artist uses the biological habit of a female praying mantis to eat her mate after sexual intercourse, trying to provide a visual metaphor for the work to express the paradox of “life and death”.

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Indirect and satirical references to classicism are offset by references to recent Surrealist paintings, especially the gruesome figures of Juan Miro and Salvador Dali, who, like Picasso, were masters of the grotesque.

Dalí’s hallucinatory techniques, pseudo-academic embellishments, and miniaturist attention to detail are a far cry from the pared-down, reductive style of Figure At The Seaside, but Picasso is sure to embrace the heinous psychoanalytic imagery with superficial A perverse combination of traditional styles.

The painting was popular with surrealists, mainly because of the animal’s habit of eating a male mate after sex, and how it created another visual metaphor.

7, Girl Before A Mirror

Girl Before A Mirror by Pablo Picasso

Girl Before A Mirror

“Girl Before a Mirror” painted in March 1932, depicts Pablo Picasso’s mistress and model Marie-Theresa Walter.

The girl in front of the mirror is very beautiful, with makeup on the left side; the face on the right is darkened, the eyes are round and hollow, and the body is full of womanhood. The painting is known for its various interpretations.

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“Girl Before a Mirror” was painted during Picasso’s Cubism period. Part of a movement that came to be known as Modernism, the name included many different artistic styles and aesthetic responses.

Some critics believe it represents Walter’s day and night self. There are also those who believe that Walter faced her death by looking in the mirror, or that one side represents the innocent girl and the other the worldly woman.

8, Guernica

Guernica by Pablo Picasso


“Guernica” is a masterpiece of great influence and historical significance made by Picasso in the 1930s.

This painting was commissioned by the government of the Spanish Republic and was created for the Spanish Pavilion at the International Exposition held in Paris in 1937.

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Guernica Photo Frame

The painting shows the atrocities committed by the Luftwaffe in the wild bombing of the Spanish town of Guernica in 1937.

As an artist with a strong sense of justice, Picasso was extremely angry at this barbaric act. It only took him a few weeks to complete this masterpiece as a condemnation and protest against fascist brutality.

9, La Vie

La Vie by Pablo Picasso

La Vie

Pablo Picasso’s Blue Period Between 1901 and 1904, his painting style was dominated by monochromatic shades of blue and teal. Along with the old guitarist, this painting by La Vie is the pinnacle of the artist’s blue period.

The painting depicts two couples and a naked couple facing a mother with a child in her arms. The top picture is a naked couple embracing, and the bottom picture is an alone naked person.

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The male figure in the painting is a portrait of Carlos Casaguimas. The blue period is often characterized by sad themes, and this painting was inspired by the suicide of the former.

Made in Barcelona in 1903, the painting is now in the permanent collection of the Cleveland Museum of Art.

10, The Old Guitarist

The Old Guitarist by Pablo Picasso

The Old Guitarist

This painting, like La Vie, is considered one of the famous works of Pablo Picasso’s blue period and was also created for the suicide of the artist’s close friend Casaguimas.

This Pablo Picasso piece was made in Madrid and you’ll find a stooped man with blurry vision holding a giant round guitar.

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The artist expresses compassion and empathy for the downtrodden of society through the paintings of the old guitarist, with a blue palette that adds to the melancholy and accentuates themes of tragedy and sadness.

Although Picasso later dismissed his Blue Period works as “only emotion”, The Old Guitarist is the most famous work of the period.

11, Ma Jolie

Ma Jolie by Pablo Picasso

Ma Jolie

Pablo Picasso co-founded the art movement Cubism, which revolutionized painting and sculpture in Europe. This painting is one of the most famous paintings of the artist’s early Cubism period.

Picasso attempted to suggest a connection between the painting and music by placing a score and treble clef near the stenciled letters, which in fact depicted Marcelle Humbert, the painter’s mistress at the time.

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Ma Jolie is Picasso’s nickname for Marcelle. It is also a refrain from a popular song, which was played in the Paris concert hall frequented by Picasso.

Analytical Cubism was the first phase of the movement, characterized by the reduction of form to basic geometric parts and a preference for the monochromatic use of colour. The painting embodies the Analytical Cubist style.

12, La Lecture

La Lecture by Pablo Picasso

La Lecture

“La Lecture” shows the blond lover of Pablo Picasso, Marie-Therese Walter, with a shawl on her chest and a book on her knees, sitting on a chair with her head resting on a red chair back and dozing off appearance.

Picasso met Marie-Thérèse Walter in 1927, and they later began a relationship that they kept secret.

Walter later inspired other Picasso works, including Le Rêve, which Picasso created in the same month as La Lecture, as well as Nude, Green Leaves, and Bust.

Some critics say Marie-Thérèse Walter’s physical attraction and sexual innocence had a heady effect on the artist, and Picasso’s rabid desire for her led to many of his most popular paintings.

The book on Walter’s lap is a “sex symbol” and the painting is described as sensual, erotic, and joyful.

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The painting was sold again on February 8, 2011, in London, England. With a base price of 9 million pounds, at least 7 buyers from all over the world bid for the painting within six minutes.

The painting was finally bought by a Russian customer over the phone at a price of 9 million pounds. 25.2 million pounds.

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